This book focuses on issues of poverty and inequality that are directly related to the Millennium Development Goals. It addresses a wide range of issues, including interlinkages between conflict and inequality, poverty mapping, and the causes and consequences of inequality. It applies the latest research techniques, such as regression-based decomposition, poverty decomposition, and computable general equilibrium models. The authors examine spatial disparities in areas including China, Russia, and Central Asian countries. Containing theoretical and empirical contributions by some of the most prominent economists in the area of inequality and development studies, this book will be of interests to economists, sociologists, and policymakers in Asia and elsewhere.