The world is facing major global economic changes and challenges. Economies are recovering with varying degrees of success from the most severe downturn since the Great Depression; international competition from new players is eroding the lead of more established economies; and environmental pressures are calling into question the sustainability of our development models over time.
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012 provides the statistical information necessary to define effective responses to these challenges. It reveals how countries are tackling these issues individually and which approaches are working. It also details the effects of the crisis on innovation and points to ways innovation can help solve environmental and social problems.
The book reviews key trends in science, technology, and innovation (STI) in OECD countries and a number of major nonmember economies including Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation, and South Africa. It aims to inform policymakers responsible for STI policy, business representatives, and analysts about recent and anticipated changes in the worldwide patterns of STI and to understand the possible implications for policies at both the global and national levels.