European policymakers are attempting to develop immigration policies that meet economic needs and promote greater competitiveness and growth—without undermining the social models so valued by their electorates. To succeed, they must take into account aging populations, high and persistent levels of overall unemployment, even higher levels of unemployment among immigrants and ethnic minorities, and sector- and location-specific labor mismatches and shortfalls. Europe and Its Immigrants in the 21st Century examines many of the critical issues facing European economies and societies with regard to immigration. The authors juxtapose these issues with those facing the “traditional countries of immigration” (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States) and offers policy recommendations to address them.
Among other topics, this book examines options for immigrant selection and managing all forms of migration better (including “irregular” migration), and offers recommendations for immigrant and minority integration policies at the EU, national, and local levels—where most integration work takes place.
Contributors include Wolfgang Lutz (Vienna Institute for Demography), Klaus Zimmerman (Institute for the Study of Labor/DIW, Berlin), Louka Katseli (OECD), Grete Brochman (Institute for Social Research, University of Oslo), Heaven Crawley (AMRE Consulting), Demetrios G. Papademetriou (Migration Policy Institute), Sarah Spencer (COMPAS, University of Oxford), Brian Ray (University of Ottawa), Rinus Pennix (University of Amsterdam), Jorge Gaspar (University of Lisbon), Lucinda Fonseca (Centro de Estudos Geográficos), Kathleen Newland (Migration Policy Institute), Doris Meissner (Migration Policy Institute), T. Alexander Aleinikoff (Georgetown University Law Center), and Patrick Weil (CEPIC/ Centre d’histoire sociale du 20e siecle).