OECD countries have made significant investments to enhance the role of technology in education. Are these investments paying off? This book provides a summary of the most recent Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey, that relies on a wealth of comparative data to begin answering the question—including evidence on the availability and use of technology and the actual benefits accruing from it.
One of the most striking findings from PISA is that the digital divide in education goes beyond the access to technology. A new second form of digital divide is emerging between those who have the right competencies and skills to leverage computer use and those who do not. These competencies and skills are closely linked to the economic, cultural, and social capital of the student.
These findings have important implications for policy and practice. Governments should make an effort to ensure and reinforce computer education and use among young people and the development of 21st century competencies.