Defense and Security
At least nine nations are believed to have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. Other nations may have nuclear weapons or are working towards them, most notably Iran. At the height of the Cold War in 1985, there were believed to be 65,000 nuclear weapons in the world. As a result of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and unilateral decisions by some countries, this number has been reduced to about 20,000.
REUTERS/Jacky Chen - North Korean soldiers and citizens sit on a ferry as they celebrate the National Independence Day of North Korea on the Yalu River, near the North Korean town of Sinuiju, opposite the Chinese border city of Dandong, September 9, 2013.
Hidden people of North Korea: New economy, old politics
September 28, 2015
On September 28, the Center for East Asia Policy Studies at Brookings hosted Kongdan Oh to examine the current struggles of North Koreans under the failed state-controlled economy and restrictive political class and legal systems. Katharine H.S. Moon, the SK-Korea Foundation Chair in Korea Studies, provided introductory remarks and moderated the discussion.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
September 11, 2015, Suzanne Maloney and Fred Dews
September 9, 2015, William A. Galston
September 9, 2015, Fred Dews
Opinion | Moment Magazine
September/October 2015, Jeremy Shapiro
Blog Post | Tablet
September 1, 2015, Shadi Hamid
Blog Post | The National Interest
August 28, 2015, Robert Einhorn
August 5, 2015, Kenneth M. Pollack
July 29, 2015, Jeremy Shapiro
Opinion | Al-Monitor
July 28, 2015, Bruce Riedel
Blog Post | Lawfare
July 21, 2015, Jack Goldsmith
View All Research on Nuclear Weapons ›Show 10 More
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Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Director, The Intelligence Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for Middle East Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
Stephen P. Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, The India Project
View All Experts on Nuclear Weapons »
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