Defense and Security
At least nine nations are believed to have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. Other nations may have nuclear weapons or are working towards them, most notably Iran. At the height of the Cold War in 1985, there were believed to be 65,000 nuclear weapons in the world. As a result of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and unilateral decisions by some countries, this number has been reduced to about 20,000.
U.S. President Barack Obama meets with Russian President Putin in Los Cabos (REUTERS/Jason Reed).
White House Accuses Moscow Of Violating Landmark Arms Control Deal
July 29, 2014, Steven Pifer
Steven Pifer argues that Russia's testing of a intermediate-range nuclear missile prohibited by the INF treaty is a serious violation. He writes that the U.S. should not withdraw from the treaty, but that they should instead use negotiations and pressure from Russia's neighbors to encourage Moscow to come back into compliance.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Testimony | House Armed Services Committee
July 17, 2014, Steven Pifer
Testimony | House Committee on Foreign Affairs
March 21, 2012, Steven Pifer
Testimony | Senate Armed Services Committee
July 27, 2010, Steven Pifer
Testimony | House Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs
December 15, 2009, Suzanne Maloney
Testimony | Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
July 30, 2009, Suzanne Maloney
July 22, 2009, Suzanne Maloney
Testimony | House Subcommittees on Asia, the Pacific and the Global Environment and on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade
June 17, 2009, Richard C. Bush III
February 25, 2009, Steven Pifer
Testimony | Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism
June 13, 2008, Daniel L. Byman
Testimony | Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs
June 12, 2008, Stephen P. Cohen
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Brookings Doha Center
Doha Ritz Carlton, Doha, Qatar
Director, The Intelligence Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for Middle East Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence
Stephen P. Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, The India Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
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