Defense and Security
At least nine nations are believed to have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. Other nations may have nuclear weapons or are working towards them, most notably Iran. At the height of the Cold War in 1985, there were believed to be 65,000 nuclear weapons in the world. As a result of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and unilateral decisions by some countries, this number has been reduced to about 20,000.
REUTERS/Babu - Demonstrators try to climb down from a bus after being detained during a protest against the Kudankulam nuclear power plant in Chennai October 29, 2012.
India-U.S. Policy Memo
Operationalizing India-U.S. Civil Nuclear Cooperation
January 2015, Robert Einhorn and Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu
Robert Einhorn and W.P.S. Sidhu assess current impasse in U.S.-India nuclear energy cooperation. They argue that Obama and Modi must take greater measures to resolve lingering issues surrounding liability and tracking of nuclear material.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
December 2014, Ariana N. Rowberry
Article | Journal of International Organizations Studies
November 2014, Mireya Solís
Article | The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs
Autumn 2014, Riccardo Alcaro and Aniseh Bassiri Tabrizi
April 28, 2014
Report | Deep Cuts Commission
April 28, 2014, Deep Cuts Commission
March 31, 2014, Robert Einhorn
January 23, 2014
BIG BETS & BLACK SWANS - Memorandum to the President
January 23, 2014, Suzanne Maloney
January 23, 2014, Steven Pifer
January 23, 2014, Robert Einhorn and Kenneth M. Pollack
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Director, The Intelligence Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for Middle East Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence
Stephen P. Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, The India Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
View All Experts on Nuclear Weapons »
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