Defense and Security
At least nine nations are believed to have nuclear weapons: the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Pakistan, India, North Korea and Israel. Other nations may have nuclear weapons or are working towards them, most notably Iran. At the height of the Cold War in 1985, there were believed to be 65,000 nuclear weapons in the world. As a result of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and unilateral decisions by some countries, this number has been reduced to about 20,000.
Iranian President-elect Hassan Rouhani gestures to the media during a news conference in Tehran (REUTERS/Fars News/Majid Hagdost).
April 15, 2014, Hanif Zarrabi-Kashani
President Hassan Rouhani and his cabinet travel to the Sistan Balouchestan Province; Iran’s Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh defends himself in Parliament, and IRGC Commander Yadollah Javani analyzes the “cost and benefit debate of the nuclear issue.”
Weapons of Mass Destruction
March 31, 2014, Robert Einhorn
January 23, 2014
BIG BETS & BLACK SWANS - Memorandum to the President
January 23, 2014, Steven Pifer
January 23, 2014, Suzanne Maloney
January 23, 2014, Jonathan D. Pollack and Richard C. Bush III
January 23, 2014, Robert Einhorn and Kenneth M. Pollack
October 2013, Evans J.R. Revere
September 11, 2013, Suzanne Maloney
June 17, 2013, Jessica C. Varnum
Article | The Fletcher Forum
Summer 2013, Bruce Riedel
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The Brookings Institution
Director, The Intelligence Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Saban Center for Middle East Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence
Stephen P. Cohen
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, The India Project
Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
View All Experts on Nuclear Weapons »
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