Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement

Addressing Internal Displacement: A Framework for National Responsibility

The Framework is available in English, Arabic, Azerbaijani[1], French, Georgian, Portuguese, Russian[2], Serbian, Sinhala, Spanish, Tamil, and Thai[3].

Addressing Internal Displacement: A Framework for National Responsbility answers these questions by setting forth the benchmarks for an effective national response. It identifies twelve key steps for governments to take in responding to internal displacement, in particular to:

  • Prevent displacement and minimize its adverse effects
  • Raise national awareness of the problem
  • Collect data on the number and conditions of IDPs
  • Support training on the rights of IDPs
  • Create a legal framework upholding the rights of IDPs
  • Develop a national policy on internal displacement
  • Designate an institutional focal point on IDPs
  • Encourage national human rights institutions to address internal displacement
  • Ensure the participation of IDPs in decision-making
  • Support durable solutions
  • Allocate adequate resources to the problem
  • Cooperate with the international community when national capacity is insufficient

The benchmarks presented not only provide a framework for action for governments but also provide a tool for measuring governmental action and its effectiveness in addressing the needs of IDPs. As stated in the publicatiosn Foreword by Walter Kälin, Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons, this framework "is intended to help governments address the problem of internal displacement in their countries in all aspects" and "should enable international organizations, regional bodies, national human rights institutions, civil society and the displaced themselves to evaluate the extent to which national responsibility is being effectively exercised."




[1] This version of the Framework for National Responsibility was translated by the Norwegian Refugee Council and Praxis.
[2] This version of the Framework for National Responsibility was translated by Margaret Petrosyan for the NGO Memorial.
[3] This version of the Framework for National Responsibility was translated by Pochanat Intaramanon.