Is Welfare Succeeding in the Washington Area?

The 1996 federal welfare reform law ended the entitlements of the previous welfare program Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and required welfare recipients to work. A flat amount of financial aid was provided to each state based on its welfare spending under the repealed program. Because the new welfare program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), was limited to 60 months of lifetime benefits, welfare recipients would have to replace the cash assistance and food stamp benefits with job earnings or help from other sources.

The Welfare to Work series was funded by the Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer Foundation and The Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation.