- As the number of youth grows in Yemen, competition for public sector jobs will increase, making it difficult for people to obtain such employment.
- The quality of basic education, which affects the trainability of youth and thus impacts the relevance of education, is also the common underlying issue in the region.
- To improve reading instruction in early grades in Yemen, there is a need to improve the provision of reading materials, parental involvement in schooling, and teacher training on basic components of reading that should begin in Grade 1.
- Making efforts to improve the quality of education for all girls and boys is imperative for inclusive development.
This paper looks at the issue of the quality of education in Yemen. It uses micro-data from TIMSS and from surveys conducted in underserved rural areas, as well as macro-level policy information from the System Assessment for Better Education Results (SABER) database. The analysis indicates that the availability of teachers and resources at schools, the monitoring and supervision of schools and parental involvement in schooling are important factors for better learning outcomes and avoiding trade-offs between expansion of enrollment and quality of learning. The paper suggests three types of reforms that can be carried out in the short run. First, it is necessary to systematically monitor teachers’ actual deployment and attendance in order to link the information with salary management and incentives. Second, there is a need to refine and scale up the existing implementation and monitoring mechanism for school grants to reward schools and communities that improve access for disadvantaged students and girls, and enhance the quality of learning. Third, there is a need to enhance transparency and accountability of school resources and results by disseminating a simple database that would include trends of basic indicators to monitor and compare progress at the school, district and governorate level.