Non-Party Independent Expenditures in House and Senate Elections, 1978-2012

The Supreme Court’s 2010 Citizens United decision set in motion a dramatic increase in the amount of independent spending by non-party organizations.

This data was compiled from Table 3-14 of Vital Statistics on Congress

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SUMMARY

Vital StatsAbout Vital Statistics on Congress

For more than three decades, Vital Statistics on Congress, a joint effort undertaken by Norm Ornstein of the American Enterprise Institute and Tom Mann of Brookings in collaboration with Michael Malbin of the Campaign Finance Institute, has been a go-to reference guide for Congressional watchers for impartial data on Congress and its members.

Vital Statistics’ purpose has always been to collect useful data on our first branch of government – in the election and composition of its membership as well as its formal procedure, such as the use of the filibuster, informal norms, party structure and staff. This dataset also documents the increasing polarization of Congress and the demographics of those who serve in the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives.

We encourage you to share your feedback and how you’ve used this data set; and we plan on posting your most interesting findings to this website.

We encourage you to share your feedback and how you’ve used this data set; and we plan on posting your most interesting findings. Find out how you can submit your own Vital Stats analyses »