Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement

Natural Disaster Workshop Training Modules

Promoting and Protecting Rights in Natural Disasters:
Workshop Modules and Facilitator’s Guide

Introduction

For the past three years, the Project on Internal Displacement has organized workshops on “Promoting and Protecting Rights in Natural Disasters” in all regions of the world with the participation of representatives from national and local governments, UN agencies, international and local NGOs, and Red Cross/Crescent representatives. These workshops have introduced the IASC Operational Guidelines on Human Rights and Natural Disasters and have provided a forum for discussion of good practices in promoting and upholding human rights in disaster risk reduction, emergency response and recovery.  In some cases workshop participants have developed specific recommendations to strengthen policy and action for rights protection at the local, national and regional levels.

The workshops have shown that there is both a broad interest in strengthening protection in situations of natural disasters and also a need for training about what it means to apply a rights-based approach. These training modules are intended to encourage others to organize training courses or sessions on human rights and natural disasters.  The materials include a comprehensive agenda, facilitator’s guide, session modules, PowerPoint presentations and resource materials for a two-day workshop on “Promoting and Protecting Rights in Natural Disasters.” The modules are based on the workshops we have held and have been reviewed by international protection specialists. The content ranges from basic information about a rights-based approach and protection issues to more specific areas such as protection of specific at-risk groups and protection monitoring tools. The program can be used in its entirety or be incorporated into larger workshop agendas. The modules can easily be adapted to local contexts and a wide variety of audiences.

Orientation

The workshop materials consist of three sections. The first section is an overview section which includes the agenda for the two-day workshop and a facilitator’s guide that gives a general overview of the workshop and provides “lesson plans” for each session. The facilitator’s guide for each session includes: 

  • An outline of the session
  • Session objectives
  • Key learning points
  • A list of documents used or referenced during each session
  • Possible variations for the session plan
  • Examples of good practice from the field   

The second section consists of the actual training modules for each session. These include PowerPoint presentations and corresponding facilitator notes, small-group exercises, working group instructions, questions and simulation case studies.

The third section provides background resources on relevant international and regional human rights documents, humanitarian standards and best practices, as well as protection standards and tools.

For General Use

These materials are still a ‘work in progress’ and we hope to update and improve them in future editions.  Meanwhile, feel free to use any and all of the materials.

Many people have worked on these modules including Jamille Bigio, Jen Scott, Diane Paul and Daniel Petz. The materials have been reviewed by Walter Kälin, former Representative of the Secretary-General for the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons, Elizabeth Ferris, co-director of the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement, and Patrick Egloff, Swiss Foreign Ministry. They have benefited from comments of partners and workshop participants in Panama, Madagascar, South Africa, India, Thailand, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Indonesia. 

Facilitator’s Guide, Agenda

The facilitator’s guide provides general guidance for the facilitator of the workshop and for each session includes:

•             An outline of the session
•             Session objectives
•             Key learning points
•             A list of documents used or referenced during each session
•             Possible variations for the session plan
•             Examples of good practice from the field

The agenda outlines a two-day workshop on the “Promotion and Protection of Rights in Natural Disasters”.

Session 1: Opening, Introduction
This session deals with the opening of the workshop, introduction of participants to one another, the reviewing of workshop agenda and methodology as well as the setting of ground rules for the workshop. This section includes facilitator’s notes with some techniques on how to open a workshop.

Session 2: Human Rights and Protection in Natural Disasters
This session gives a basic introduction to issues of rights protection in situations of natural disasters. The session has three subsections, the first one giving an “Introduction to Human Rights and Protection in Natural Disasters”, the second one dealing with “Key Protection Challenges”, and the third one introducing the “IASC Operational Guidelines on the Protection of Persons in Situations of Natural Disasters”.  This section includes two PowerPoint presentations, facilitator’s notes and instructions for small working groups.

2.1: Introduction HR and Protection

2.2: Key Protection Challenges

2.3: Operational Guidelines

Session 3: Protection Monitoring and Assessment in Natural Disasters 
This session deals with protection monitoring and assessment in natural disasters. It conveys the understanding of different types of monitoring and why monitoring is important, of why protection needs assessments and common protection standards are key components of an effective disaster response (and the importance of advance development of assessment tools and common standards) as well as the understanding of how monitoring is used to improve understanding of the risks particular people face and the need to ensure monitoring is linked to protection activities. This section includes a PowerPoint presentation and facilitator’s notes on the topic.

Session 4: Protection of Special Groups At-Risk
This session is dealing with the protection of special groups at-risk. It provides guidance for working groups which are designed to foster an understanding of the different risks faced by certain groups within the affected population as well as an understanding of selected programmatic tools available to address special risks in disaster response. Aside from working group instructions this section also includes a PowerPoint presentation and facilitator’s notes on the topic.

Session 5: Tools for Integrating Protection Needs
This section introduces tools for integrating protection needs. It aims to convey familiarity with monitoring as a means to identify and respond to protection problems as well as tries to foster the understanding of the utility of checklists as a simple field-based tool. After a PowerPoint presentation on the topic it contains case studies and guidance for a case studies exercise designed to practice the use of basic concepts and tools that have been introduced during the first five sessions of the workshop.

5.1: Protection Tools

5.2: Case Studies Exercise

Session 6: Integrating Protection in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
This session deals with protection concerns related to disaster risk reduction. It provides guidance for working groups which are designed to foster an understanding of how protection issues can be integrated into disaster risk reduction and disaster preparedness measures. Special focus is given to the role of communities, children and youths in this area as well as on the challenges that climate change poses to the field of disaster-risk reduction and disaster preparedness.  Aside from working group instructions this section also includes a PowerPoint presentation and facilitator’s notes on the topic.

Session 7: Disaster Management; Emergency Response Systems; Restoring Family Links
This session deals with a variety of topics, community involvement in disaster management, emergency response systems, and restoring family links, management of human remains and psychosocial support. It should convey knowledge of ways communities should be engaged in disaster management, familiarity with entry points to engage the community in disaster management and specific examples of good practices in community participation, understanding of challenges and good practices in restoring family links, management of human remains and psychosocial support as well as understanding about the use of emergency response systems for protection. The session is designed for presentations of available resource persons and therefore only includes one optional PowerPoint presentation on the topic of “Supporting Local Capacity in Disaster Management.”

Session 8: Challenges of Early Recovery and Durable Solutions
This session puts the focus on protection issues during early recovery with a special focus on durable solutions. After it introduces a small group exercise to the topic of “protection challenges during early recovery” it introduced the “IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons”. This section includes a PowerPoint presentation and facilitator’s notes on the topic.

8.1: Challenges of Early Recovery

8.2: Durable Solutions

Session 9: Lessons Learned -- The Way Forward, Closing
This session includes guidance for working groups designed to make participants formulate recommendations for different actors (governments, UN, NGOs, civil society) based on the findings during the workshop. It also deals with the closing of the workshop.

    Evaluation Forms
    This section includes draft evaluation forms that can be used for the daily and final evaluation of the workshop.

    Resources

    1. Policy Guidelines and Standards

    2. Human Rights

    We are happy to receive your feedback about the modules. Please email your comments, suggestions and questions to idp@brookings.edu.